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Are We Oblivious To Caste Discrimination?

By NITISHA PANDEY

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IF you think that caste bias is a thing of the past and India has moved into the 21st century with modern belief systems, you are mistaken, my friend. If you thought that maybe this inequality exists only in rural areas, you are wrong again.

If you are consoling yourself by saying you haven’t been a part of anything minutely related with discrimination of the unprivileged, you are in the dark, my friend.

My name is Nitisha Pandey and I belong to the Brahmin caste. During my recent field visit to a remote district of Madhya Pradesh, I realised the privilege of my surname ‘Pandey’ which denoted that I come from the so called upper caste.

Most high-level officials I met was a Dubey, Jha, Mishra, Tiwari, Upadhyay, Chaturvedi, Dwivedi and their like. How have I been so unaware of this reality until now? Why was it suddenly so starkly evident to me?

This focus on caste and the feudal practices were recurrent in my visits to villages, administrative offices and conversations with people throughout the rural immersion. I had too many questions and no answers.

The multiple encounters with educated stakeholders who focused intensely on my surname and the biases associated with it came as a shocking realisation.

If you still haven’t understood, this is the shadow of caste which has been following me everywhere like a black cloud hanging over my head, refusing to go away anytime soon.

Caste bias in media

Among other disturbing experiences was a conversation with a man who works on tribal welfare for the increasing number of children dying of malnutrition. He spoke about how if people die in other parts of the country (Mumbai, Delhi) there is so much coverage by the media. However, no organisation came forward to help when thousands of children died.

Are the lives of these kids from the so-called backward communities less important to garner the attention of the government, media and the country?

In the book titled Looking Away by activist and ex IAS officer Harsh Mander, I first read about the ‘legitimisation of prejudice’ but I didn’t quite understand what it meant. Once I started following more readings on the issue, I came across a documentary called India Untouched by Stalin K. on the existing caste biases in India which shook me to the core.

Understanding privilege

Growing up, I had been aware of the economically unequal status of people in my society. I have been raised in a culture of ingrained class and gender biases which are prevalent in our homes, schools, colleges and even extend to workplaces. But I failed to notice this shadow of caste which normalised inequality and indifference.

  • When I sat and thought of my childhood, I remember my mom serving our maid food and water in a different set of utensils.
  • I can recall a friend from school being bullied and mocked for getting higher marks in class because he belonged to the so called lower caste.
  • I was disheartened for not having received interview calls from reputed institutions even after scoring higher than a few friends as I belonged to the ‘general’ category.
  • I have been ignorant of the world around me and detached from compassion for a very long time.

How can we even begin to think of development, when Dalit children are made to sit on the floor and discriminated against in schools?

When the girls from Dalit communities are made to clean toilets in schools, when you can feel the palpable differences in certain areas of the village as you move, when Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes comprising 25% of India’s population (according to the 2011 census) struggle acutely to meet even the basic necessities like food and water – how are we aiming to transform people’s lives through technology as our Prime Minister claims?

Even after institutional safeguards and affirmative action, these people haven’t been able to take the benefit of these provisions.

Recognising social inequality

In the recent years, there has been this buzzword in India around growth and development of our nation. India is the world’s 6th largest economy with a GDP growth of 6.7% according to IMF in 2017 and is expected to rise to 7.5% in 2018 according to a recent report in The Hindu. India also ranks 100th among 119 countries on the Global Hunger Index and 131st among 188 nations on the Human Development Index. Is this the development we are talking about?

When we have failed to recognise the existing disparities in our own societies with respect to caste and class, it is going to be an enormous task to overpower these internalised norms and override the century-old systems of the exploiting class.

Even as educated individuals we are full of accusations for the reservation that exists for the upliftment of households that have suffered generations of violence, poverty and injustice.

We argue for merit and equality, all the while ignoring the socially constructed differences which we are living with every single day. I guess this culture of insensitivity is the prerogative of the entitlement which the so-called upper class operates with.

One may argue that this may also be due to lack of awareness and knowledge of what is right, but that doesn’t dilute the fact that the ownership to do the right thing doesn’t exist in most individuals.

The time is now, to care

We can have social advancement only when the individuals today decide to become humble and responsible citizens of the country. It is on us now to build equitable and inclusive societies that understand their role in the development of the country and work towards changing mindsets for a truly progressive India – one where all children in schools will be treated fairly, where all of us can eat at each other’s side from the same plate, where my surname will no longer be my identity.

And even if everything else gets too difficult, let us all in the least, care.

(This article was posted on the Indian School of Development Management blog.) 

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Nitisha

A social changemaker at heart, Nitisha Pandey is currently pursuing a Post Graduate Programme in Development Leadership from Indian School of Development Management. She is passionate about issues concerning discrimination against gender, caste, class, sex, and religion. When she is not being the change, she enjoys traveling and photography.
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